Overview Child Custody Arrangements
During the starting phase of child custody
arrangement we need to consider different alternatives regarding
different types of possible custody arrangements. For example, both of
the parents might want to work out an arrangement under which you both
make decisions on the child's upbringing and wellbeing. This type of
arrangement is called "joint legal custody" in most states. Or, you may
sense that your counterpart is currently unfit or incapable of any
parental responsibility, in that case you may wish to have sole custody
of your child.
1. Legal Custody grants a guardian the right to
make long-standing decisions about the future of a child, and key
aspects of the child's wellbeing - including education, medical care,
dental care, and religious instruction. In most of the cases, joint
legal custody is awarded to both parents except it is revealed that one
of them is unfit, or is unable of making right decisions about the
child's upbringing. Legal custody is different from physical custody,
which involves issues such as where the child will live.
2. Physical Custody of a child gives the right to
grant everyday care for the child. When a physical custody is granted
to a parent then he dictates about the living location of the child.
Recent custody provisions give physical custody to custodial parent and
grant visitation rights and shared legal custody to the non-custodial
parent. Usually, visitation rights offer the non-custodial parent
exclusive time with the child every other weekend, alternating major
holidays, and a number of weeks during the vacations.
3. Sole custody of a child has exclusive physical
and legal custody rights regarding the child. Sole guardianship
arrangements are very rare, and are generally restricted to situations
where one parent has been deemed in poor condition or unable of having
any form of responsibility over a child -- for example, due to drug
addiction or proof of child ill-treatment. In sole custody situations,
the child's non-custodial parent has neither physical nor legal custody
rights, but may be entitled to periods of visitation with the child.
4. Joint custody has two phases: joint legal
custody and joint physical custody. A joint custody order can have one
or both parts. Joint legal custody refers to both parents sharing in
major decisions affecting the child. The custody order may describe the
issues on which the parents must share decisions. Joint physical
custody refers to the time the child spends with each parent. The
amount of time is flexible. The length of time could be relatively
moderate, such as every other weekend with one parent; or the amount of
time could be equally divided between the parents. Parents who opt for
equal time-sharing have come up with many alternatives such as:
alternate two-day periods; equal division of the week; alternate weeks;
alternate months; and alternate six month periods. Sometimes neither
parent can correctly assume custody of the children. Possibly because
of substance abuse, a mental health problem, and absence or
incarceration. In these situations, someone other than the parents may
be granted custody of the children or given a temporary guardianship or
foster care arrangement by a court
The author is an SEO cum Technical writer
associated with Naperville
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